CONGUILLIO PARK
FLORA

Raulí (Nothofagus Alpina)

The geographical distribution of this native tree in Chile is from the north part of Maule Region to Los Lagos Region. This species is very common in the park. This tree grows with a straight trunk and can reach 45 meters tall. One of its most important characteristics is the longitudinal cracks that are typical of this kind of tree.

Lenga (Nothofagus Pumilio)

Native tree located between the seventh and the twelfth regions of Chile. It can reach 30 meters tall and is able to adapt to very extreme climatic conditions. Due to its tendency to grow in the top of the hills, it has very special shapes, twisted by the wind action. In the autumn, its leave colors change in a fantastic variety of greens, yellows, oranges and reds, tinting the hills with wonderful shades. In the Park tends to grow along with Araucarias.

Ñirre (Nothofagus antarctica)

Its distribution in Chile is between O´Higgins and Magallanes region. In the park, you can find it near water bodies in lowlands, even though, it can also grow along with Lenga in mountainsides. It can reach 10 to 25 meters tall and has thin trunks with a tiered configuration. The flower is not eye catching, even though it bears a very fragrant fruit composed by a valve in which there are three nuts or beech nuts. It´s similar to Lenga, but smaller and leafy.

Oak (Nothofagus Oblicua)

This tree is endemic of warm forests and is possible to find it in the south of Chile and in the southwest part of Argentina. It grows in deep soil and usually in lowlands. In some occasions, grows by itself but is more common to find it along with bay and lingue, reaching until 50 meters high.

Araucaria (Araucaria Araucana)

Endemic species from Chile and Argentina which grows only between 800 to 1.800 meters above the sea level. It develops in sandy soils, generally originated by volcanic activity. Is one of the oldest conifers of the American Continent and is one of the relict lefts of a large forest that was present in the southern cone of the continent. It can reach high altitudes, generally about 50 meters and is capable of growing alone or conforming undergrowth forests, together with species like Quila (Chusquea montana), Chaura (Pernettya mucronata), and Small Cinnamon Tree (Drimys andina).

Mountain Range Cypress 
(Austrocedrus chilensis)

This conifer is native of Chile and Argentina and often grows as a range tree. It grows until 2.200 meters above the sea level and generally develops on volcanic soils. It can live 1.000 years, reach 20 meters high and 2 meters wide. It can be found in association with other species, depending on the altitude, latitude, exposure, and type of soil. Only a 6% grows in protected wild areas.
Currently, it is categorized as an endangered species, that’s why its conservation is crucial. In the park, this tree has been threatened historically by the eruptive action of the Llaima volcano, which has destructed a great forest mass in Truful Truful valley with its pyroclastic flows, lava streams, and lahars. 

Coihue (Nothofagus Dombeyi)

Native tree characterized by the stratified aspect of its branches, densely covered by small green perennial leaves with sawn edges. It can reach 40 meters high and live more than 500 years. It has small fruits. Even though, some people from the south of Chile believes that its real fruit is the Llaollao (Cyttaria harioti), an edible sphere shape fungus. Others believe that its fruit are the galls (tumors), a trees way of defending themselves of the egg-laying.

Chilean or silvester strawberry 
(Fragaria chiloensis)

Chilean native species which grows near the ground and colonies the soil extending their red hairy stems. Its leaves are bright green and the edible part is white, pink, and red. It is formed by a thickening in the base of the flower, in which there are seeds that, in fact, are small fruits.

Little Star (Asteranthera ovata)

This native plant grows in the Chilean wet forests. Because it is a climbing species, it sticks to the trees, creating colorful carpets.

Liuto (Alstroemeria aurea)

This native plant from the south of Chile can tolerate very low temperatures, even until -12 °C. Also, it can tolerate very acid soils (5,2). These characteristics allow it to be part of the park’s beauty, because the temperatures drop until less than 0°C in this place.

Quilmay (Elytropus chilensis)

The characteristics of this plant are to climb to the trees, reaching high altitudes, and to tolerate low temperatures, even the snow of the park. It´s known as “mountain bean”, given the seeds similarity to the edible vegetable.

Michay (Berberis darwinii)

This plant grows under the conditions of a mild rainy weather, characteristic of the south of Chile. In the park, it blooms during all the spring and part of the summer. Even though, it gives few fruits because of the fragility of its flowers, stripped off by the wind and the rain.

Maqui (Aristorelia chilensis)

Is an endemic species from the south of Chile and areas next to the south of Argentina. It reaches 4 to 5 meters high, always green, with a divided trunk and a smooth removable bark in the internal part. It´s branches are very abundant, thin, and flexible. It has an edible fruit, green when unripe and black purple when ripe. It blooms between November and January and comes to fruition to the end of the year.

Contact us: 56-45-2581073

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