CONGUILLÍO PARK SURROUNDINGS

Llaima Volcano

The volcano originated after Sierra Nevada, during the same geological period (Quaternary), about 2,6 million years ago. It´s located in the pre mountain zone of the park and is one of the most active stratovolcanoes of Chile and South America. Also, it´s considered one of the most voluminous of the south Andean region. Its occidental, south occidental, and oriental sides are covered in 29 square kilometers of glaciers. It has 2 summits and 40 adventitious cones. The crater has been active since 1994, emitting gases and water vapor. Its shape is almost a perfect cone even it has two summits. The north peak shows an open crater of about 350 meters of diameter and more than 300 meters deep (Source: Conguilliosustentable/sernageomin.cl)

Conguillío Park.

Sierra Nevada Volcano

This volcano is recognized as the first volcanic formation in Conguillío Park. Its appearance is associated to the Quaternary Period (2.6 million years ago.). It´s considered a special volcano due to its inactive nature and low hazard. Also, it has a special shape, wider and lower than other volcanos. This is because of the big ice masses which covered it during the last glaciation.

Conguillío Park.

Truful Truful Canyon

The access is by the south of the park, through a path where you can see Truful Truful River in the lower part and a 75 meters tall wall on the other side of the river. This zone is very important, because it allows to study the historical behavior of Llaima volcano through its 13.000 years of eruptive patterns. This wall is a bank of stratified succession of pyroclastic material in form of flow, falling, and wave. This is produced by explosive eruptions, mainly Holocene, of the Llaima volcano. Over the patters of Truful Truful, the current soil develops, being eroded by the alluvial flows. When it´s sunny, is possible to appreciate the volcano from this place. There is partial vegetal colonization through liquiñes, herbáceas, and bush species.

Conguillío Park.

Truful Truful Falls

Truful Truful falls are a set of waterfalls located in the high part of the river with the same name. The falls are inserted in a place where all the volcanic materials from the eruptions are deposited. This remains, together with basaltic and volcanic layers, have created a plateau with a cut at 7 meters high, which is crossed by the river. This action gives birth to the waterfalls. In the surroundings, is possible to appreciate the action of the glaciers, which covered the valley of the river. You can also see the soil layers created by million years, which where eroded and cut vertically by the rivers.

Conguillío Park.

Araucaria Madre

Millenary species, named by the science as Araucaria Araucana. Corresponds to a dominant arboreal specie in Conguillío National Park, being recognized by its fruit “pine nut” or in Spanish “piñon”. It delights the visitors in almost all the paths of the park. Is important to mention that the name “Araucaria Madre” is due to its size and longevity, even though is a male specimen, which produces big amounts of pollen. (source: Conguilliosustentable)

Conguillío Park.

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