CONGUILLÍO PARK
FAUNA 

Black Woodpecker 
(Camphephilus magellanicus)

Is an endemic species of the mild southern forests of Chile and Argentina. It´s present in the native forest, especially mature Nothofagus forest (endemic species of the zone). It can be found in the park, mainly in the forest of the iconic tracks Sierra Nevada and Los Carpinteros. It´s possible to see couples or specimens all the year. They reproduce by eggs and eat mostly insects, worms, and larva, which can be found in all seasons. These animals capture their prey under the barks, or drilling trees and fallen trunks.

Conguillío Park.

Puma (Puma concolor)

This species belongs to the feline family, sometimes considered the lion of the mountain. The reproduction in females start when they are 2 years and a half old, and they give birth to live offspring, generally from 2 to 3 cubs. It´s classified as a carnivore and its diet consists of small animals like hares, rabbits, and rodents like the vizcacha. The puma can also hunt bigger preys like guanacos, vicuñas, pudúes, and huemules. Only in very rare cases of starvation pumas attack domestic cattle. In the park, it lives mainly in the pre mountain region of Sierra Nevada, together with forests, bushes, steppe, and Andean vegetation. Pumas have a diurnal and nocturnal activity.

Conguillío Park.

Pudu (Pudu pudu)

Small deer, endemic of the mild southern forests of Argentina and Chile. Here, it lives from Maule to Aysén region, until 1.700 meters above the sea level, including Chiloe island. It is the smallest Chilean deer with only 36 to 41 centimeters tall. It gives birth to live offspring, generally one. As the rest of the deers, Pudú is herbivore. It feeds mainly of native bushes like maqui and chilco. Also, this little deer eats bark, seeds, grass, and fallen fruits. Pudú has been described as a sedentary, lonely, and cryptic animal, that´s why it´s very difficult to observe it in the park or to take pictures of it.

Conguillío Park.

Guiña (Oncifelis guigna)

The distribution of this species is from Coquimbo to Aysén region, being very rare in the central zone of Chile. It is one of the three felines living in the mild rainy forest and is present in the park, even though is very difficult to be seen due to its camouflage. It gives birth to living offspring and, when they are adults, can reach 45 centimeters tall. Guiña is a nocturnal and arboreal animal and its diet consists of birds, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and small rodents. The most important threat to this specie is the lost, fragmentation, and degradation of the native forest.

Conguillío Park.

Cóndor (Vultur gryphus)

This animal lives in the high mountain and is the largest flying bird of the zone. It can be seen in the highest parts of the park near Sierra Nevada. Once males and females are sexually mature (six years old), they lay one egg every two years. It´s considered a strict carnivore, feeding only on carrion. When locates a dead body, it flies in circles over it and the rest of the flock joins the feast, even if they are kilometers away.

Conguillío Park.

Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)

Is a bird which lives between Eighth Region to Tierra del Fuego. It lay eggs from November to December, generally from 3 to 5 eggs. Its habitat extends to lakes, lagoons, reservoirs, estuaries, rivers, bays, and any kind of calm body of water surrounded by trees. It´s present in the park with these characteristics. It´s 45 centimeters long and its diet consists of fishes, aquatic insects, crustaceans, and tadpoles. When fishing, Kingfishers make a “chiii” or “tiiit” sound, which is very characteristic.

Conguillío Park.

Big Pintail duck (Anas georgica)

This wild bird can be found along the Chilean territory in fresh bodies of water like lagoons, lakes, reservoirs, swamps, estuaries, and protected sea coasts. In the park, it can be seen in Captrén and Arcoiris lagoons. They lay eggs twice a year between August to February, generally from 4 to 10 eggs. Their diet consists of grass, seeds, and seaweeds. There are two species of this Pintail duck, the big and the small one. Besides the size, they present differences in the size of the neck, the brightness of the head colors, and a black spot in the eye of the small Pintail duck

Conguillío Park.

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